Less-skilled learners benefit more from metacognitive instruction to develop listening comprehension

Hossein Bozorgian


A growing interest in using metacognitive instruction to develop listening comprehension has emerged for almost two decades. This paper investigates the impact of metacognitive instruction on less-skilled and more-skilled learners’ listening comprehension. Thirty-two female adult, Iranian, intermediate level English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners participated in a ‘strategy-based’ instruction, planning, monitoring and evaluation. Each of three metacognitive strategies focused on promoting learners’ comprehension of International English Language Testing System (IELTS) listening texts. A comparison of pre- and post-test scores showed that the less-skilled learners benefited more from metacognitive instruction than more-skilled learners in IELTS listening tests.

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